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Spain Visas

Spain Visas

Spain Immigration & work visas

Work permits: Non-EU citizens working in Spain

While EU citizens do not need a work permit, most non-EU/EEA/Swiss citizens will need a work permit to work in Spain, but there are some exceptions, such as family members of people who already have a work visa or scientists or researchers who have come to work on a specific project.

Most people will need to get a work permit to work as an employee for a Spanish company. Once you’ve secured a job, your employer must request a work permit on your behalf and you can then apply for a visa once you’ve got your residence permit as well. Bear in mind that it can take up to eight months to process a work permit so you need to plan ahead.

You should apply for a visa while your work permit is being processed, as you’ll be sent a copy of your application which you can send on to the Spanish embassy in order to apply for a work and residence visa. The embassy will confirm to the labor office that it has your application and then your work permit will be processed. Once your work permit has been approved, the embassy will process your visa. Your work permit will be valid for one year, after which you can renew it.

Fast track visas

Since 2014, you can apply for a fast track visa and work permit if you are non-EU entrepreneur, researcher, highly qualified professionals or national investor for which you’ll receive preferential treatment which includes free travel throughout the Schengen area and automatic residence for you and your family. However, you will have to fulfill certain stipulations depending on which category you fall into. You will be able to find out further information on this and whether you qualify by contacting us or the Spanish embassy or consulate in your country.

Further information, help, and advice

www.uscispassportsvisa.com’s team of specialists has over 32 years of experience in immigration services, and has helped millions of people to study and work in countries all over the world.

For more information and advice on Spanish immigration law and Spain visa applications please contact us on info@uscispassportsvisa.com

  • Visas for Spain

Who needs a visa and how to apply?

If you are a citizen of the EU, EEA (EU plus Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein) or Switzerland, you can enter Spain and stay for up to 3 months without registering. Citizens from Croatia, which has only recently joined the EU still, need work permits, probably at least until June 2020. If you would like to stay longer, you will have to register with the local authorities. Things are slightly less straightforward if you’re from another part of the world.

Short term visas

Spain is a part of the Schengen area. This is a group of 26 countries who share visa rules and have a list of nationalities that may enter the country freely without having to obtain a visa first. The following countries are member states of the Schengen area:

Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.

If your country is not a member state or does not have an agreement with Spain, you will need to get a visa before leaving your home country, as none are issued within Spain.

If you enter Spain with a tourist visa you can stay in Spain and/or any other country in the Schengen Area for up to 90 days during any 6-month period. A visa granted by one of the Schengen countries is therefore valid in all other member countries. However, it’s important to note that you can’t work in Spain if you’re visiting the country on a Schengen visa without a work permit.

Schengen visa exceptions

The following countries and states do not require a separate visa to enter the Schengen area:

Albania, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, El Salvador, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Grenada, Guatemala, Holy See (State of the Vatican), Honduras, Hong Kong, Israel, Japan, Kiribati, Macau, Macedonia, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, (Republic of) Monaco, Montenegro, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Samoa, San Marino, Seychelles, Serbia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Korea, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Taiwan, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, United States of America, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela.

If you do require a Schengen visa, contact us now at info@uscispassportsvisa.com

Long term visas

If you’re coming to Spain to work, you can either apply for a residence visa in person at your embassy when you arrive in the country under the conditions of a short term visa, or apply before you leave through a duly accredited representative at the Spanish Diplomatic mission or your nearest Spanish Consular Post. If you come to study you must have your visa organized before you arrive.

When you apply for a visa, you must pay a fee which is usually around €950, that won’t be refunded if you get rejected. This fee is waived in certain circumstances, but you should consult with your Spanish representative as to the conditions and requirements of your visa application, as these vary depending on your country of nationality and the reason for your trip.

There is also an agreement between Canada and Spain that allows young people aged 18-35 to visit Spain and work for up to year, and vice versa. For more information on this, get in touch with the Spanish consulate in Canada.

All foreigners must obtain a foreigner’s identity number or NIE, including citizens from the EU, EEA or Switzerland who don’t require a visa. You will need this for making any financial transaction, such as opening a Spanish bank account or paying taxes. Most people obtain their NIE when they arrive in Spain at their local Foreigner’s Office, but it is possible to apply for your NIE at your nearest Spanish consulate before you move, although this can take up to four weeks to arrive.

Further information, help, and advice

www.uscispassportsvisa.com’s team of specialists has over 32 years of experience in immigration services, and has helped millions of people to study and work in countries all over the world.

For more information and advice on Spanish immigration law and Spain visa applications please contact us on info@uscispassportsvisa.com

  • Family reunification

How to bring your loved ones to Spain

Once you’ve been living in Spain for a year, you can request for your family to join you. If you have an EU long-term residence permit from another state, an EU Blue Card or you’re a student or researcher, you can request your family to join you as soon as you arrive. This does not apply to EU, EEA or Swiss citizens, who can live and work in Spain without needing a work permit or visa.

Family documentation

In order to do this, you will need to complete an application form and hand over proof of I.D. and your relationship to the person who already has a visa. You can either apply with your Spanish embassy or consulate at home where you can also apply for a residents permit, or when you arrive in Spain, where they will need to present the following documents:

  • Their passport and passport of your family member in Spain
  • Proof of relationship
  • Evidence that there is enough living space for you to live
  • A sworn statement that you don’t live in Spain with another partner if your partner or spouse is coming to live with you
  • Evidence of employment and means of support
  • Evidence of health insurance

Applicant’s documentation

Once your family member has been granted the application, they have two months to go and apply for their visa at the Spanish embassy or consulate. Sometimes they may be required to have an interview, and present the following documents:

  • Passport
  • Proof of family relationship
  • Medical certificate
  • A ‘no criminal record’ certificate

Once the visa has been granted, the family member then has three months to arrive in Spain. Upon arrival they then have a month to go to the nearest Foreigner’s Office and get their Foreigner’s identification card (TIE) and identity number (NIE), and also register as a resident at the town hall.

Your family member’s residence permit is valid for the same length of time as your own, and any family member over 18 can also work in Spain without needing to obtain a work permit.

It’s also important to note that any documents you need to provide will need to be translated into Spanish and notarized.

Further information, help, and advice

www.uscispassportsvisa.com team of specialists has over 32 years of experience in immigration services, and has helped millions of people to study and work in countries all over the world.

For more information and advice on Spanish immigration law and Spain visa applications please contact us on info@uscispassportsvisa.com

  • Student Visas

Requirements for a student visa

If you don’t come from the EU, EEA or Switzerland, you will need a student visa to come to Spain to study for more than three months. This also applies if you plan on carrying out research, doing an internship or take part in an exchange programme.

You need to apply and get accepted to a course of study or programme by a recognized Spanish institution in order to apply for a student visa. You will need confirmation of your acceptance to apply for your visa, which you can do with you Spanish embassy or consulate. You will also need to provide:

  • Proof of medical insurance
  • Your passport
  • Proof that you are financially able to support yourself in Spain
  • A medical certificate
  • A criminal record certificate

Length of stay

If your complete stay in Spain is for less than 3 months, you don’t need a visa to study as long as you come from a country that doesn’t require a visa to enter Spain normally. If your study period is for 6 months or longer, you will also be required to register for a residence permit or Foreigner Identity Card (TIE) within 30 days of arriving. You can also apply for family members to join you during your studies, which will allow relatives over 18 to work in Spain for the same amount of time that you’re studying without a work permit.

Further information, help, and advice

www.uscispassportsvisa.com team of specialists has over 32 years of experience in immigration services, and has helped millions of people to study and work in countries all over the world.

For more information and advice on Spanish immigration law and Spain visa applications please contact us on info@uscispassportsvisa.com

  • Social security number

How to get a social security number in Spain

A social security number is necessary to work and live in Spain, as well as to access the healthcare system. All foreigners in Spain are entitled to a social security number. Once you have it you can access the Spanish security system. It is strongly recommended to get a number if working or job hunting in Spain.

How to obtain a social security number

Obtaining it is a fairly straightforward process, especially if you are from the EU. First, download and fill out the TA-1 form. Fill in personal information, ID details, address and contact details, reasons for requesting the social security number.

Next, prepare all the documentation needed and make at least two photocopies of yours:

  • ID or Passport
  • Rental contract, employment contract if you have them.
  • NIE, if already obtained

Non-EU citizens must also bring their residency papers and visa.

Once the above is prepared, locate the nearest Tesorería de la Seguridad Social. You can find a list here, or you can search for the closest office on by clicking on ‘Buscar centros’ on the same page. They are usually open Monday to Friday from 9am to 2pm, but check beforehand. It is advisable to get there at least 30 minutes before opening hour, so to avoid long queues. Once you get in, you will be assigned a number and you can wait for your turn.

It is likely that nobody at the office will speak English, so be sure to know a few expressions, like “necesito número de la seguridad social”.

Remember

When applying for a social security number, keep in mind the following things:

  • Make and bring at least 2 photocopies of all the documents required.
  • Get to the Tesorería de la Seguridad Social at least 30 minutes before opening hours.
  • Put a Spanish mobile number in the form as a lot of services can be accessed via SMS.

Further information, help, and advice

www.uscispassportsvisa.com’s team of specialists has over 32 years of experience in immigration services, and has helped millions of people to study and work in countries all over the world.

For more information and advice on Spanish immigration law and Spain visa applications please contact us on info@uscispassportsvisa.com

  • Residency and NIE

How to become an official resident in Spain

Even if you don’t need a visa to stay in Spain, you might want to consider getting a NIE (Número de Identificación de Extranjero – Foreigner Identification Number) and a Tarjeta de Residencia. These make you a legal resident in Spain and are necessary for employment and other matters.

A NIE (Número de Identidad de Extranjero) is a number the immigration service issues you once you become a resident, you will find it on your Residency Card. This is your identification number in Spain. It is needed in order to file taxes, establish a business, open a bank account, and for almost all other forms you fill out. Both EU citizens and non-EU citizens get issued a NIE.

The tarjeta de residencia (residency card) is a card incorporating your NIE, your personal details and, for non-EU citizens, a photograph and fingerprint. It is necessary for transactions where someone wants to see a proof of your current physical address in Spain (e.g. banks, phone companies, etc.). Non-EU applicants are granted an initial residencia for one year, which is usually extended to five years on renewal. EU nationals have to apply for a residency card after three months, which will never expire.

How to apply for residency

In order to obtain your residency and NIE, you have to apply at the nearest Oficina de Extranjería or Comisaría de Policía. You then receive your tarjeta de residencia after three months, although you should be given your NIE then and there. Since each oficina de extranjeros processes candidates locally, the time spent both waiting in line at the office and waiting for your tarjeta can vary tremendously, even within the same city. It is therefore worth asking people who have recently applied for a residency about their experiences.

Documents needed for application

Below are some documents you’ll need to bring in order to apply for your residency. However, you might be asked for different things in different locations (or even on different days). The best thing is to check with the local oficina what they require exactly.

Documents needed by all applicants (EU and non-EU-citizens):

  • Current passport and one photocopy
  • 2 recent passport style photos with your name clearly written on the back
  • A completed EX18 form, plus 3 photocopies of it
  • Form 790 which is filled in and signed by your bank. It confirms your Spanish bank account and the money you have in there. You can get this form at your local Comisaria de Policia (police station) and costs 10.60€ (as of 2016).
  • A padrón certificate that was issued less than three months ago. You can obtain this document at your local town hall, and is a way for the government to know how many people are living in a certain area. Normally you only need to bring your passport and one copy, but some town halls have other rules and ask you to bring a rental contract as well. The best thing to do is to ask them what they expect you to bring.

Further documents that might be requested can include:

  • A medical certificate, depending on country of origin and recent residency

If a member of the family is Spanish (or has residency):

  • Your Libro de Familia and DNI (or residency card) of that family member
  • Empadronamiento
  • Medical insurance

For specific circumstances, the following may apply:

  • If employed: a Vida laboral (working records), both the original and a photocopy
  • If self-employed: the Vida laboral (again with a copy), all the documents you got when you registered for self-employment and a bank statement where your pension is mentioned
  • If not seeking employment: proof of adequate finances and medical insurance.
  • If studying in Spain: proof of matriculation in an accredited school, plus documents that prove you have enough money to live during your time in Spain, plus medical insurance.

Renewing your residency

Non-EU citizens will not be reminded when their residency needs renewing, so it is up to you to check and make sure you get this done. In order to renew your residency, you will need the following documents:

  • 2 passport photos
  • Original tarjeta de residencia and one photocopy
  • Passport and one photocopy
  • Relevant completed application form and three photocopies
  • Show that your personal circumstances have not changed, e.g. changed address or job

Be aware that the exact documentation may vary according to your legal status in Spain. Further documents might include:

  • Residency visa or its extension
  • A medical certificate

Since rules and regulations can vary per city and governmental institution it is always best to simply ask your local oficina de extranjería or comisaría de policía what they expect you to do.

Further information, help, and advice

Uscispassportvisa.com’s team of specialists has over 32 years of experience in immigration services, and has helped millions of people to study and work in countries all over the world.

For more information and advice on Spanish immigration law and Spain visa applications please contact us on info@uscispassportsvisa.com

  • Spanish citizenship

How to become a Spanish national

Once resident in Spain for a certain time period, you have the right to apply for Spanish citizenship. The general requirement is a legal and continuous residency for 10 years, but can be as low as 1 year in certain circumstances.

You must renounce your original/current nationality unless you’re from Latin America, Portugal, Philippines, Equatorial Guinea or Andorra. Anecdotal evidence points to the fact that countries do not generally exchange this information, so some people retain their old nationality, but there are obvious risks attached to this course of action and you definitely shouldn’t show both passports at entry!

Length of residency required

If you marry a Spanish citizen, were born in Spain to foreign citizens, born abroad to Spanish citizens or adopted by Spanish citizens, the wait period is just one year.

Nationals from Latin American countries, Andorra, the Philippines, Equatorial, Guinea, Portugal and Jews of Spanish of origin can gain citizenship after 2 years of residency. Political refugees and asylum seekers can do so after 5 years.

When calculating the legal and continued residency, it’s important to remember that in order to be eligible, you can’t be out the country for more than six months a year, and a prolonged stay as a student, and researcher or intern is not counted as a part of your ‘residency’.

How to apply

In order to apply for citizenship, you must be 18 years old or older, unless your parents or legal guardians can assist you which enable you to start the process at 14.

The public body in charge of citizenship is the Ministerio de Justicia and the place to apply is the Registro Civil or contact us.

In order to apply for Spanish nationality, you need to bring the following documentation:

  • A valid passport
  • Your birth certificate
  • A consular certificate which states your former nationality, your criminal records and your military status in your home country
  • A certificate of Spanish criminal records
  • Proof of your residence in Spain which can be a police certificate stating the time of your residency in Spain or a long term rental contract
  • Your registration at the Spanish town council
  • Proof of guaranteed health assistance during your residency in Spain
  • Marriage or divorce certificates

Make sure to remember if any of your documents in languages other than Spanish, they need to be translated and notarized. Contact us for directions.

Pros and Cons

The main advantages of Spanish nationality are a Spanish (read EU) passport and the right to vote. You will have the right to work and live in any country part of the European Union or the European Economic Area, plus some minor advantages such as EU citizen rates for museums and other institutions. The citizenship application fee is 1900euros.

Further information, help, and advice

www.uscispassportsvisa.com team of specialists has over 32 years of experience in immigration services, and has helped millions of people to study and work in countries all over the world.

For more information and advice on Spanish immigration law and Spain visa applications please contact us on info@uscispassportsvisa.com

 

                
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